Popularity Of Engineering – Top Engineering Colleges In IndiaBy
Nobody can deny that Indians are obsessed with engineering – engineering degrees will always remain attractive to scores of students in India. India has always had great engineering colleges that provide education to students from across the country.
The demand for the best engineering colleges in India remains high, and it is easy to see why. Since independence, engineering has always been one of the few professions that young and aspiring Indians could identify with. Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India called Indian’s industries and factories the “temples of modern India” and since then engineers have held a high status in the Indian society.
Unlike in the past, when options for engineers were limited, as they could join only join large public sector companies or work for the PWD, today, most of Indian engineers are employed in the private sector. Indeed, it was in the 1990s, with the rise of Indian IT companies such as Infosys and Wipro that engineering became such a popular career option in India.
Why engineering is a popular choice?
India’s engineers have been India’s greatest strength. All over the world, Indians are considered to be smart and brainy, because of the impression created by our engineers from prestigious colleges such as the IITs.
There are hundreds of thousands of Indian engineers working in the US, Canada, Australia and Europe who have risen to top positions, such as, Satya Nadella, CEO of Microsoft, Sundar Pichai, CEO of Alphabet and Prem Watsa, Chairman of Fairfax Financial Holdings, one of Canada’s biggest companies.
Many Indian engineers who stayed back at home have done wonderful things as well. Shiv Nadar of HCL, Narayan Murthy and Nandan Nilekani of Infosys comes to mind. There is no question that Indian engineers are considered to be among the very best in the world.
Everyone knew about the quality of Indian engineers, but it was when Thomas Friedman, the celebrated New York Times columnist wrote about them in his famous book, “The World is Flat” that people became to take notice. Finally, Indian engineers got what they always wanted, a global recognition of their abilities.
This created a trend of Indian students doing everything possible to join engineering colleges in India and abroad. Indian parents encourage and motivate their children to join engineering. As the saying goes in India, “Study whatever you like in college, as long as it is engineering!”
Become an engineer
The plan is simple – join a good engineering college in India, preferably an IIT, if not, try to join some of the popular private engineering colleges. Get a B-Tech or BE degree. Do your Masters in the US, if possible, join a top company like Google, Microsoft or IBM in the US or Infosys, Wipro or TCS in India. Work hard, progress quickly in your career, provide for your family and become financially independent in your 30s or 40s.
This is a good plan and that’s the dream many Indian parents have for their children, which is why they push them into engineering. While there is no doubt that there’s an oversupply of engineers in India – India produces 1.5 million engineering graduates each year – it is a fact that engineering still provides the fastest means for career advancement in the country.
Most of the students at the IITs, BITS Pilani and other top engineering colleges in the country are admitted on the basis of highly competitive entrance exams, such as the IIT-JEE. They come from all over India, from several different backgrounds. Most of them are young men, but increasingly, young women are joining the top engineering colleges too. Indeed, the male/female ration in the IITs and other top engineering colleges is much closer than you would think.
India’s engineers mostly come from middle class families, but today we have a large number of young students from underprivileged, rural, SC/ST and OBC backgrounds who join engineering and transform their circumstances through their talent, hard work and determination. Indeed, everyone is equal in India’s engineering colleges, with only their performances in tests, exams and interviews separating them.
The most popular engineering jobs in India
The socioeconomic dynamics in India are such that there is a great demand for engineers. There is no question that computer engineers are highly sought after in India, not just by the corporate sector but also in the marriage market! But today, there is a strong need for engineering graduates from core disciplines, such as Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Electrical Engineering – not just for computer engineers.
The Indian government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has laid out a detailed plan to build 100 smart cities in India over the next few years. This means civil engineering, which had always been neglected, is today highly sought after in the country.
Let’s take a look at the various popular engineering disciplines and what you want to expect from them.
- Electronics engineer– Electronics engineering is perhaps the most popular branch of engineering in India. As an electronics engineer, you will work with complex technologies such as embedded software, design logic circuits, create networking infrastructure and more. You can expect to earn anything from Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 250,000 per month in India as an electronics engineer.
- Software engineer – Software engineers work with programming languages such as Java, Python, C#, C++ and Ruby on Rails. They design complex applications and write millions of lines of code. There are plenty of jobs available for talented software engineers in India. You can expect to earn in the range of Rs. 60,000 to Rs. 150,000 per month in software engineering jobs.
- Civil engineer – Civil engineering is the oldest engineering discipline. But only recently civil engineering has been rediscovered in the country because of the construction boom in almost every Indian city. The best civil engineers have their own businesses. Civil engineering jobs fetch a salary in the range of Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 75,000.
- Electrical engineers – There is a strong demand for electrical engineers in India because of the construction boom and fast industrial growth seen across the country. As an electrical engineer, you will earn in the range of Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 75,000 per month.
- Petroleum engineer – Petroleum engineers have a degree in chemical engineering and they work in offshore locations on oil fields around the world. A good petroleum engineer is highly sought after and can expect to earn in the range of Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 300,000 per month.
- Mechanical/automobile engineer – Mechanical engineers work in a variety of industries, including in the automobile sector. They are highly sought after in India today, especially with companies such as General Motors, Hyundai and Ford setting up large industrial plants in the country. As a mechanical engineer, you can expect to earn in the range of Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 100,000 per month.
Best Engineering Colleges in India – 2016
Which are the best engineering colleges in India? The Human Resource Development (HRD) Ministry’s “India Ranking Report 2016” establishes a ranking framework for the best educational institutions in the country. Based on the rankings given by the National Bureau of Accreditation of the HRD ministry, we have listed the 25 best engineering colleges in India. Have a look.
|Name||Est. year||City||Weighted Score||Rank|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Madras||1959||Chennai||89.42||1|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay||1958||Bombay||87.67||2|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi||1951||New Delhi||83.91||3|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur||1961||Kharagpur||82.03||4|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur||2005||Kanpur||81.07||5|
|Indian Institute of Technology,Roorkee||2001||Roorkee||78.68||6|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad||2008||Hyderabad||77.23||7|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Gandhinagar||2008||Ahemdabadnnai||75.23||8|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar||2008||Roopnagar||74.89||9|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Patna||2008||Patna||74.68||10|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati||1994||Guwahati||74.63||11|
|National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli||1964||Tiruchirappalli||74.45||12|
|Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore||1984||Vellore||74.4||13|
|Indian Institute of Technology (BHU), Varanasi||2012||Varanasi||74.39||14|
|SardarVallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat||1961||Surat||73.13||15|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Indore||2009||Indore||72.01||16|
|Birla Institute of Technology, Ranchi||1955||Ranchi||71.81||17|
|Visvesvarya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur||1960||Nagpur||71.29||18|
|National Institute of Technology, Rourkela||1961||Rourkela||70.81||19|
|Indian Institute of Technology,Mandi||2008||Mandi||70.33||20|
|College of Engineering, Pune||1854||Pune||69.71||21|
|National Institute of Technology, Karnataka||1960||Manglore||68.96||22|
|Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad||1961||Allahabad||67.95||23|
|PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore||1951||Coimbatore||67.8||24|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Jodhpur||2008||Jodhpur||67.68||25|
Does India need so many engineers?
Does India really need so many engineers? Yes, contrary to the negativity surrounding engineering in the media, India needs more, not less engineers, but India also needs better educated, better skilled and better equipped engineers, who are capable of dealing with the realities of the current job market.
Also, India needs engineers who are innovative and energetic, who are not afraid to take to entrepreneurship. India needs engineers who are more ambitious, who are not just satisfied with getting a job in Infosys, but who dream of becoming the next Narayan Murthy and of creating the next Infosys.
What India needs, more than anything, is a start-up culture, much like Israel. Israel is a tiny country with just 8 million people, which is less than the population of Bangalore, but produces more startups each year than India, China, Britain and France combined. That is impressive, and that is what India needs the most. We need our engineers to aim big and look to do more with their education, become innovators and entrepreneurs, and not just cogs in the corporate machinery.
Thankfully, we are moving towards that. The recent shortage of IT jobs in India has compelled many young engineering graduates to become entrepreneurs. There is a growing startup culture in Bangalore, Hyderabad, Gurgaon and Pune already.
Indian engineers have new heroes such as Binny Bansal and Sachin Bansal of Flipkart, Rohit Bansal of Snapdeal and Vijay Shekhar Sharma of Paytm. India has a thriving ecommerce industry today and it is largely because of young engineers who decided to stick it out in India and start their own companies rather than settle for a cushy position in a large multinational abroad.